Reducing risks

Learn how to reduce your risk for common diabetes complications

Living with diabetes is about more than just managing your blood sugars. Staying healthy means working with your healthcare team to reduce your risk of diabetes-related complications like heart disease, vision loss and foot-related injury.

Heart disease and stroke

People with diabetes are at very high risk of heart disease and stroke (also called cardiovascular disease). Most commonly they develop coronary artery disease, where fatty deposits make the arteries become blocked, which can lead to a stroke.

Ask your doctor about ABCDEs.

  • A1C targets
  • Blood pressure control
  • Cholesterol management
  • Drugs to protect your heart
  • Exercise regularly
  • Smoking cessation and stress reduction

It's common for people with diabetes to use medications (sometimes several) to help control their blood pressure and cholesterol. Stopping smoking is another very important thing you can do to help reduce your risk and improve your overall health.1

Learn more on heart disease and stroke from Diabetes Canada

Eye damage

Diabetes is a leading cause of blindness in Canada. Over time, diabetes can damage the retina (the area in the back of your eye) leading to diabetic retinopathy. Depending on the type of retinopathy and the stage of disease, people can experience blurred vision, flashes or sudden loss of vision.

You can reduce your risk by making eye care part of your overall diabetes healthcare strategy:

  • See your optometrist at least once per year.
  • Maintain your target blood sugar levels, blood pressure and cholesterol.
  • Know your A1C and aim for your target.2

Learn more on eye damage from Diabetes Canada

Foot care

Because diabetes can cause nerve damage and poor circulation to the legs and feet, people with diabetes are at high risk of developing foot problems. If left untreated, they can develop into serious complications.

A good foot care routine is your best tool to keep your feet healthy and prevent complications. Some tips include:

  • Follow a routine every day for cleaning, checking and maintaining your feet.
  • Wear well-fitting shoes.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Don’t ever go barefoot
  • Don’t sit or cross your legs for long periods. 3

Learn more on foot care from Diabetes Canada

Products* and resources

BD Nano™ 4mm pen needle

Learn how the BD Nano 4mm pen needle is designed for easier and more comfortable injections, for all types of people.

BD insulin syringes

Learn more about the BD insulin syringe with the BD Ultra-Fine™ 6mm needle, designed for more comfortable injections.

View resources

Read the latest recommendations from diabetes experts that can help you advance your diabetes management.


* Always read and follow the label.

  1. Diabetes Canada. Heart disease & stroke. Diabetes Canada Web site. Accessed December 19, 2017.
  2. Diabetes Canada. Eye damage (diabetic retinopathy). Diabetes Canada Web site. Accessed December 19, 2017.
  3. Diabetes Canada. A step towards good health. Diabetes Canada Web site. Accessed December 19, 2017.